Thematic electronic scientific online journal NCFSCHVW

Fruit growing
and viticulture of South Russia



Efimova Irina


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Articles in journal: (total 23)

pdf
767 Кб
10 с.
General agrotechnics (systems, technology)
Date posted: 14.05.2018
UDC: 634.1:631.541
DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2018-3-51-122-131
Keywords: APPLE-TREE, ROOTSTOCK, NON-SUPPORTING CONSTRUCTION OF THE GARDEN, GROWTH, YIELD CAPACITY

Annotation

Scientific-based application of clonal rootstocks is one of the main factors of increase in efficiency of gardening. The non-supporting construction of the intensive garden (without a stationary support) allows to reduce the costs of planting about 2 million rubles / ha. This significantly increases in the efficiency of fruit production and competitiveness of domestic products. The article presents the results of impact assessing of 15 rootstocks of different origin on the growth and yield capacity of Liberty apple trees in the garden, created by planting rootstocks in a permanent place, with followed grafting by buds. The carried out research has shown that in the fifteenth year of vegetation, the size of the Liberty tree stock on the 3, 4 and B-13-43 rootstocks was less than that on the M 9. The first fruit bearing was observed Only on the rootstock of 3 in third year, and for the other rootstocks from 4 years of vegetation. The most average harvest from 1 tree for 13 years of fruiting was obtained from Liberty trees on rootstocks M 26 and 2. Close to control M 9 was the harvest on rootstocks of II-31-7, B-9-19, -70-456. The most specific productivity on average over 13 years of fruiting compared to M 9 rootstock the K-1 and 4 provided, close to M 9 rootstock 2, 3, B-13-43. The best stability of the trees in the soil (anchorage) was on the semi-dwarf rootstocks of 2 and II-31-7, which according to the results of the integrated assessment can be recommended for compacted gardens without support construction.

How to cite
Ermolenko V., Zaerko T., Efimova I. THE GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY OF LIBERTY APPLE-TREE ON CLONE ROOTSTOCKS IN THE GARDENS WITH UNSUPPORT TECHNOLOGY AND DENSE SCHEMES OF LANDING [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2018. № 51(3). pp. 122–131. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/18/03/12.pdf. DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2018-3-51-122-131 (request date: 14.08.2022).
pdf
107 Кб
5 с.
Genetic Resources, Cultivar, selection
Date posted: 15.03.2010
UDC: 634.11:631.52:581.1.036
Keywords: APPLE VARIETIES, VARIETAL FEATURES, STABILITY TO SPRING FROST

Annotation

Results of an estimation of stability of differ-ent apple varieties maturing are resulted in action of weather stress to a spring frost. Varietals characteristics of sensitivity to frost pistils and anthers, and the age of generative structure are revealed.

How to cite
Efimova I. VARIETAL FEATURES DAMAGES OF THE APPLE TREE BY SPRING FROSTS [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2010. № 3(2). pp. 1–5. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/10/02/01.pdf. (request date: 14.08.2022).
pdf
146 Кб
10 с.
Genetic Resources, Cultivar, selection
Date posted: 15.03.2016
UDC: 634.1:631.541
Keywords: APPLE ROOTSTOCKS, INTENSIVE TECHNOLOGY, GROWTH ACTIVITY, WINTER HARDINESS, DROUGHT RESISTANCE, PRODUCTIVITY, QUALITY

Annotation

The important part in the achievement of good results in the modern production technologies of fruits is assigned to type of rootstock. The influence of a rootstock begins with the inoculation moment in the nursery and continues during the life of a tree. This influence affects the force of growth of grafted trees, their fast productivity and quality of the received production and durability of plantings. The most effective way of decrease in force of an apple-tree growth is use of dwarf and semi-dwarf rootstocks. The majority of requirements to rootstocks for intensive gardening were formulated by Gavreel Vladimirovich Trusevich still in the 80-th years of the last century. In the article it is noted that the special attention in the research of G.V. Trusevich's pupils and followers is given to an assessment of adaptability of apple rootstocks to abiotic stressors and their influence on productivity of scion-rootstocks combinations under the certain soil and climatic conditions. The research conclusions formed the basis for zoning of apple-tree rootstocks of the SK series in the North Caucasus. Now at the State register of breeding achievements there are 6 rootstocks of the SK series (North Caucasus) created by G.V. Trusevich with employees. It is shown that these rootstocks successfully compete with introduced species because in the processes of their creation and breeding the specific conditions of regional gardening are considered. The data of this article convincingly show that rootstocks of SK series positively influence on drought resistance, heat resistance and winter hardiness of the grafted apple-tree trees. These rootstocks continue to be actively demanded; they are successfully used in the new intensive technologies of cultivation of apple-tree industrial plantings and substantially define their high efficiency.

How to cite
Efimova I. ROOTSTOCKS FOR MODERN INTENSIVE APPLE-TREE GARDENS IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA IS THE CREATIVE HERITAGE OF G.V. TRUSEVICH [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2016. № 38(2). pp. 1–10. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/16/02/01.pdf. (request date: 14.08.2022).
pdf
106 Кб
5 с.
Genetic Resources, Cultivar, selection
Date posted: 15.07.2010
UDC: 634.1 : 631.541
Keywords: APPLE ROOTSTOCKS, GROWING ENERGY OF TREES, MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Annotation

The results of long-term work on the selection of the apple rootstocks adapted to the conditions of Southern horticulture are presented. The morphological description and the main economicallyvaluble characteristics of apple rootstocks series SK (North Caucasus) SK 2U, SK 3, SK 4, SK 5, SK 7 are given.

How to cite
Shaforostova N., Efimova I. PROMISING APPLE ROOTSTOCKS OF SELECTION OF THE NORTH CAUCASIAN REGIONAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF HORTICULTURE AND VITICULTURE [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2010. № 5(4). pp. 1–5. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/10/04/01.pdf. (request date: 14.08.2022).
pdf
114 Кб
7 с.
Breeding and production of planting material
Date posted: 15.07.2010
UDC: 634.1 : 631.541
Keywords: APPLE ROOTSTOCKS, COMPLEX MINERAL FERTILIZERS, BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES

Annotation

The positive influence of non-root application of complex mineral fertilizers and biologically active substances to increase the productivity of mother planta-tion of apple rootstocks, increase in quality of sapling and profitability of production is established.

How to cite
Efimova I. INCREASE OF PRODUCTIVITY OF THE MOTHER PLANTATION OF CLONAL APPLE ROOTSTOCKS [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2010. № 5(4). pp. 26–32. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/10/04/05.pdf. (request date: 14.08.2022).