Thematic electronic scientific online journal NCFSCHVW

Fruit growing
and viticulture of South Russia



Prichko Tatiana


Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, professor

Articles in journal: (total 40)

pdf
5110 Кб
15 с.
Quality Management
Date posted: 16.09.2022
UDC: 634.25:631.81: 634.1.076
DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2022-5-77-213-227
Keywords: PEACH, FERTILIZERS, FRUIT QUALITY

Annotation

The article presents the results of a 2-year experimental study of the effect of biomodified fertilizers on the yield capacity and quality of early peach fruits Spring Gold in the central zone of the region (Krasnodar). Orchard planted in 2009. Medium-sized trees are formed according to the improved bowl system. The variety of American breeding (Spring Gold) is characterized by high taste qualities, average fruit size, rounded shape with a red blush, yellow flesh and juiciness, as well as sensitivity to spring frosts. Trees of this variety are also demanding on the level of soil fertility. Biomineral fertilizers introduced into the soil in early spring 2021, which have a biomodifier based on a strain of rhizospheric aerobic bacteria Bacillus subtilis (BMF) in their composition, mainly contributed to an increase in the content of mobile forms of phosphorus in the soil compared to the variant without fertilizers by 7.3-8.5 %, as well as the content of total phosphorus in peach leaves in comparison with the control variant by 24 %. In the variant with the introduction of BMF, the increase in the efficiency of microbial cenosis metabolism was observed, accompanied by an increase in the biological activity of the soil (BR and Cmic). A morphological study of generative buds and peach pollen, due to significant fluctuations in air temperature in the winter-spring period, did not reveal any damage to the analyzed samples. The yield capacity level of peach variety Spring Gold in the control variant (without fertilizers) was set at 34.6 and 35.1 kg/tree for this design of plantings in 2021-2022. Productivity against the background of the application of BMF was significantly higher: 41.6 and 44.8 kg/tree. At the stage of removable maturity, in accordance with GOST 34340-2017, the bulk of the fruits belong to the parameters of the highest and first commercial grades. The range of variation of such indicators as the size and weight of the fruit was much wider in the control variant. The content of solids in fruits was established not exceeding 10.2%, and sugars ≤ 5.7 %, which is typical for the group of varieties of ultra-early ripening. Against the background of the application of BMF, the content of biologically valuable substances in the fruits vitamin C and vitamin P was higher in comparison with the control variant by 5.2 and 48.5%, respectively.

How to cite
Prichko T., Sergeeva N. COMMERCIAL QUALITIES OF PEACH AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF FRUIT WITH THE USE OF BIOMINERAL FERTILIZERS [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2022. № 77(5). pp. 213–227. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/22/05/17.pdf. DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2022-5-77-213-227 (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
874 Кб
15 с.
Mineral nutrition of plants
Date posted: 17.05.2021
UDC: 634.1.076: 631.81
DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2021-3-69-183-197
Keywords: APPLE TREE, SPECIAL FERTILIZERS, LEAF-FEEDING DRESSING, FRUIT QUALITY

Annotation

The material presented in the article characterizes the seasonal dynamics of the chemical composition of apples on application of foliar dressing of water solutions of special complex fertilizers. The relevance of the research is related to the problem of forming a balanced chemical composition of fruits intended for long-term storage in the conditions of abiotic stresses of the spring-summer period. The main aim of the work is to identify the seasonal dynamics of the formation of the chemical composition of the intensive apple varieties fruits of the NCFSCHVW breeding due to leaf-feeding dressing and its dependence on the nutritional quality of crop. The field experiment was conducted n 2016-2018 in the central zone of the Krasnodar region (experimental production farm "Centralnoye", Krasnodar) in fruit-bearing apple plantations of varieties Prikubanskoe and Renet Kubanskiy grafted on rootstock SK4 and which were planted in 2009.As a result of studies, it was revealed that the use of leaf-feeding dressing with nutrient salts contributed to the activation of biological processes and the stabilization of the plants functional state of against the background of abiotic stresses in these edaphoclimatic conditions of the region. The relationship between the nutritional quality of the apple tree and the chemical composition of the fruits is determined. Seasonal changes in the quality of crop nutrition under the influence of a special agricultural method had a significant impact on the content of nitrogen, calcium, potassium and magnesium in the growing apple fruits. The analysis of the fruits mineral balance, which determines their suitability for long-term storage in the refrigerator, did not reveal a negative effect of plant treatments with water solutions of nutrient salts on the keeping properties of apples. Highly marketable production yield in the variant with the use of foliar dressing significantly exceeded the number of fruits of higher and first commercial varieties in the control version.

How to cite
Prichko T., Sergeeva N. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF APPLE FRUIT OF THE NCFSCHVW BREEDING DEPENDING ON LEAF-FEEDING DRESSING [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2021. № 69(3). pp. 183–197. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/21/03/15.pdf. DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2021-3-69-183-197 (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
122 Кб
7 с.
General agrotechnics (systems, technology)
Date posted: 17.09.2012   Informregistr code: 0421200126/0068
UDC: 664.8:634.1
Keywords: FRUIT PLANTINGS, WEATHER CONDITIONS, STRESS RESISTANCE, AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGICAL METHODS, ROOTSTOCKS, THE KEEPING QUALITY OF FRUIT

Annotation

Data on influence of environmental factors on fruit plants are analyzed in the article, the results of researching of efficiency of influence agriculture and technological methods in modern horticulture on the quality of fruit ripening in adverse weather conditions in south of Russia are presented

How to cite
Prichko T. AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL METHODS OF INCREASING OF FRUIT CULTURES STRESS RESISTANCE [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2012. № 17(5). pp. 87–93. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/12/05/11.pdf. (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
169 Кб
10 с.
Processing of fruit and berries production and grapes
Date posted: 17.11.2014
UDC: 634.987:577.1:664.85
Keywords: BLACKBERRY, SEA-BUCKTHORN, FRUITS, CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, CANNED PRODUCTION

Annotation

The purpose of research is to develop the new types of products of blackberry and a sea-buckthorn processing of the general and special direction. In the studying there were the fruits of sea-buckthorn and blackberry varieties which have been grown up under the conditions of Krasnodar Region. The analysis of fruits chemical composition showed that each variety of culture have the specific features in accumulation of dry substances, sugars and vitamins. It is established in the experiment that a sea-buckthorn fruits have a rich collection of vitamins: the content of ascorbic acid is 47,5-186,6 mg/100g; β-carotene 4,6 mg/100g. In a sea-buckthorn fruits 6,8-8,7 mg/100g of vitamin E and 0,3-0,58 mg/100g of PP vitamin are revealed. It is defined that berries of blackberry yield to sea-buckthorn in qualitative composition and in amount of vitamins, but, as comparison with many fruit crops, the blackberry contains the higher amount of vitamin C. It is shown that the fruits of sea-buckthorn and blackberry can be considered as an important type of raw materials for creation of canning production of functional purpose thanks to availability of carbohydrates, vitamins, natural antioxidants, pectin. We developed a new type of canning production of functional purpose as "A sea-buckthorn in syrup" and "Blackberry in syrup". On the basis of complex research the chemical composition is established and the organoleptic assessment of ready products is given. The best combination of raw materials and the type of fruit syrup for the production of canned food, providing the maximum safety of biologically active agents is established in the experimental work. The studied varieties of sea-buckthorn and blackberry, as a result, have entered into group of cultures for creation of new types of canning production with high biochemical parameters.

How to cite
Prichko T., Chalaya L. NEW TYPES OF CANNED PRODUCTION MADE FROM NON-TRADITIONAL RAW MATERIAL [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2014. № 30(6). pp. 172–181. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/14/06/15.pdf. (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
136 Кб
9 с.
Quality Management
Date posted: 19.03.2012   Informregistr code: 0421200126/0018
UDC: 634. 2:631. 52
Keywords: SWEET CHERRY, RESEARCH OF VARIETIES, QUALITY OF FRUITS, BIOCHEMICAL INDICATORS, YIELD

Annotation

The results of research of commodity qualities and biochemical indicators of sweet cherry of different varieties are presented. The varietal features defining flavoring qualities of sweet cherry varieties of different periods of maturation are established. The best varieties with high commodity and biochemical indicators of fruits for industrial use are allocated

How to cite
Prichko T., Alehina E. COMMODITY AND BIOCHEMICAL INDICATORS OF THE SWEET CHERRY VARIETIES QUALITY [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2012. № 14(2). pp. 33–41. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/12/02/05.pdf. (request date: 04.10.2022).