Thematic electronic scientific online journal NCFSCHVW

Fruit growing
and viticulture of South Russia



Prichko Tatiana


Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, professor

Articles in journal: (total 40)

pdf
235 Кб
9 с.
Quality Management
Date posted: 19.03.2012   Informregistr code: 0421200126/0019
UDC: 664.8: 634. 1
Keywords: RASPBERRY, REMONTANT VARIETIES, QUALITY, CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, JAM, FREEZING

Annotation

The results of research of 8 modern remontant raspberry varieties adapted to technologies for crop of berries in autumn period at the annual shoots are presented. The complex biochemical and technological evaluation of raspberries on commodity quality, content of soluble solids, sugars, organic and amino acids, vitamins and polyphenols is given. Varieties for targeted use in the manufacture of jam and frozen products are allocated

How to cite
Prichko T., Germanova M., Hilko L. QUALITY OF BERRIES OF REMONTANT RASPBERRY IN THE CONDITIONS OF SOUTHERN RUSSIA [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2012. № 14(2). pp. 42–50. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/12/02/06.pdf. (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
447 Кб
13 с.
Genetic Resources, Cultivar, selection
Date posted: 20.01.2010
UDC: 634.11:631.52.036
Keywords: BIOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION, QUALITY, APPLE TREE, VARIETY

Annotation

The results of researches of biochemical indicators of the quality of 18 varieties of apples in summer, fall and winter maturing selection in NCSRIH&V (including 4 control varieties) grown in the Kuban region of Krasnodar area are presented. Varietal features of commodity qualities of fruit on the attractiveness of presentation, size (height, diameter, shape index of fruit), weight, firmness of the pulp are revealed. New varieties of apples with a high content of dry matter, sugars, starch, acids, vitamins (ascorbic acid, P-active substances) and pectin are identified. Indicators firmness of the pulp, levels of starch, acids, characterizing harvest maturity of the fruit established for apples late maturing.

How to cite
Prichko T., Karpushina M., Artuh S. BIOCHEMICAL INDICATORS OF QUALITY OF NEW VARIETIES OF APPLE FRUITS [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2010. № 2(1). pp. 12–24. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/10/01/02.pdf. (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
126 Кб
7 с.
Genetic Resources, Cultivar, selection
Date posted: 20.01.2010
UDC: 634.75:577.1
Keywords: STRAWBERRY, VARIETY, CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES

Annotation

In the condition of Krasnodar region the chemi-cal composition of 23 varieties of strawberries introduced is studied. Varietal differences on the content of soluble solids, sugars (including glu-cose, fructose, sucrose), organic acids (citric, ma-lic), vitamin C, F, free amino acids, aromatic, pectin and minerals are established. Varieties and hybrids that are the sources of the high content of biologically active substances are allocated.

How to cite
Prichko T., Germanova M. COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF BIOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF STRAWBERRIES IN THE SOUHT OF RUSSIA [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2010. № 2(1). pp. 109–115. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/10/01/13.pdf. (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
548 Кб
12 с.
Processing of fruit and berries production and grapes
Date posted: 20.05.2019
UDC: 664.8:634.11
DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2019-3-57-138-149
Keywords: GRAPES, APPLES, POMACES, PARAMETERS, BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES

Annotation

The complex of biologically active substances in fruits and berries of the Kuban, optimally adapted to the Southern climate, allows you to the select the individual crops and varieties with high biological activity, which is characterized by a set of various vital and physiologically significant components that can provide the daily rate of BAS for the human body. Research is carried out of qualitative structure of fruits of an apple-tree and berries of grapes, according to varieties, revealing of the general regularity of change of BAS content in dynamics. Parameters of increase in an allocation of biologically active agents, such as are determined a type of the used raw materials, its extent of crushing, temperature change of processing, selection of processing equipment. Research of chemical indicators of pomace quality from secondary raw materials are conducted in the process of production of apple and grape juice. The effect of the optimal temperature regime 35-40 º of infrared drying apple juice is represented by higher rates of fiber, pectin and minerals. For each type of raw material and conditions of the process, there is a minimum particle size: for apple row material no more than 0,3 mm, for grape no more than 0,4 mm, in which the total internal and external diffusion resistance is minimal, facilitating a more rapid extraction of biologically active substances. Due to optimum selection of processing equipment on a powder production line from an apple or grape pomace, it is possible to adjust the influence of physical and biochemical mechanisms and to considerably reduce the speed of technological process and to increase in the selection of biologically active substances in a digestible form. The results of laboratory research of powder from apple (Prikubanskoy) and grape pressing (Cabernet) pomaces are presented.

How to cite
Prichko T., Droficheva N., Gorlov S. PARAMETERS OF EXTRACTION INTENSIFICATION OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES FROM APPLE AND GRAPE ROW MATERIALS [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2019. № 57(3). pp. 138–149. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/19/03/11.pdf. DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2019-3-57-138-149 (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
740 Кб
17 с.
Quality Management
Date posted: 20.07.2021
UDC: 634.25: 664.8.038
DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2021-4-70-178-194
Keywords: FRUIT OF THE APPLE TREE, CLONES, GALA, RIPENING, CHEMICAL INDICATORS

Annotation

In the industrial plantings of intensive orchards in the south of Russia, a wide range of apple clones of the Gala variety is cultivated. The variety of colors, high taste qualities, dense, juicy flesh makes the fruit attractive to consumers, so the variety is in great demand among the population around the world. Nowadays it is one of the most widely cultivated varieties of apple trees of the autumn ripening period. In connection with the appearance of new clones of the Gala variety grown in horticultural farms, the issues of determining the optimal harvest time, reasoned by the criteria of biochemical indicators of fruit quality, are relevant. In this regard, the aim of the research was to study the criteria of biochemical indicators of the fruits quality of different clones of the Gala variety, which characterize the degree of maturity of apples growing in the south of Russia. As a result of the research carried out, a conveyor was installed for the maturation period, which allows to correctly plan the harvest. Among the varieties of clones of the Gala variety in the conditions of the south of Russia, the varieties Gala Mast, Gala Schniko red, Obra Galla, which differ in a larger fruit weight (160-170 g), are distinguished by high, competitive commercial qualities. The varieties Gala Schniko, Gala Schniko red, Gala Mast are distinguished by the high content of vitamin C and P-active substances. The most harmonious combination of sugar and acid, reflecting the taste qualities of the fruit, is characteristically for the varieties Obro Gala, Gala Mema, Gala Schniko. The high quality of the fruits sold in winter is largely ensured by the storage technology. To preserve the crop, post-harvest treatment of fruit with an ethylene inhibitor is recommended. Post-harvest treatment of apples with SmartFresh ensures maximum preservation of the initial hardness of the flesh, reduces the intensity of nutrient consumption during storage, and helps to extend the shelf life of apples.

How to cite
Prichko T., Smelik T., Sibiryatkin S. MATURATION TIME AND QUALITY INDICATORS OF APPLES OF DIFFERENT CLONES OF THE GALA VARIETY [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2021. № 70(4). pp. 178–194. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/21/04/15.pdf. DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2021-4-70-178-194 (request date: 04.10.2022).