Thematic electronic scientific online journal NCFSCHVW

Fruit growing
and viticulture of South Russia



Prichko Tatiana


Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, professor

Articles in journal: (total 40)

pdf
144 Кб
8 с.
Mineral nutrition of plants
Date posted: 15.07.2014
UDC: 664.8:634.1
Keywords: SWEET CHERRY, FRUITS, OVARY, ANTIFREEZE, CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, VITAMINS

Annotation

The purpose of research is to define the efficiency of a new preparation of Antifreese with a complex of biologically active agents for decrease of stressful influence on plants of weather conditions and receiving of high-quality fruits production. The conducted research allows to optimize the mode of application of Antifreeze of a Natural Origin (ANO) on sweet cherry of Kavkazskaya variety. Under the conditions of abnormally hot spring the ANO preparation used in the form of not root feeding of plants in a phase of formation of buds and blooming flowers (for 50-60 %) promoted the increase of sweet cherry ovary for 11,2-19,8 % in comparison with control variant. The increase of sweet cherry mass at 21,6 % is the other effect. This effect had a positive impact on commodity qualities of production. It is established by biochemical research that Antifreeze of Natural Origin had positive impact on accumulation of soluble solids, sugars and organic acids in the fruits, their quantity increased on 4-5%. The increase in the content of vitamin C at 16% and strengthening of color intensity of sweet cherries on 5 %, that allowed to receive fruits with high biochemical indicators of quality, was observed. The conclusion follows that Antifreeze is an additional means to correct the accumulation of antioxidants, and it has a positively affect on improvement of biological and nutritional value of fruits and their consumer qualities.

How to cite
Prichko T., Germanova M., Smelik T. INFLUENCE OF NON-ROOT TREATMENTS OF ANTIFREEZE PREPARATION ON THE FORMATION OF SWEET CHERRY FRUIT'S QUALITY [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2014. № 28(4). pp. 85–92. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/14/04/10.pdf. (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
169 Кб
10 с.
Mineral nutrition of plants
Date posted: 15.07.2014
UDC: 634.2 : 631.811.98
Keywords: GIBBERELLIN, FRUITS, SWEET CHERRY, OVARY, MASS, BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS

Annotation

It is known that by means of growth regulators of various physiological mechanism of action it is possible to directly regulate the processes of growth and fructification of fruit crops. The purpose of research is to define the degree of influence of gibberellin treatmtnt of sweet cherrys plants on fruit ovary, the increase of their size, the maintenance of biologically active elements and trees productivity. Gibberellin was applied on Cavkazkaya sweet cherry in the Precuban fruits zone of Krasnodar Region. Object of studying of gibberellin action on sweet cherrys plants are the flowers during mass blossoming and fruits during active growth and maturing. In the period of full maturity of fruits in the laboratory of storage and processing of NCRRIH&V the content of biologically active agents is defined. It is established that trees treatment of gibberellin during formation of fruits reduces their falling and promotes to formation of full ovary. Excess of quantity of well remained and developed fruits in comparison with control is 33%. Gibberellin in all options of experience promoted the acceleration of fruits maturing of sweet cherry in comparison with control option. It is allocated as the optimum the double processing of preparation on blossoming and ovary of sweet cherry, which authentically improved the biochemical fruits indicators. This processing increased the content of P-active agents on 50,8-63,4 mg / 100g and quantity of anthocyanes (374,6 mg / 100) in the fruits of sweet cherry.

How to cite
Prichko T., Alehina E. INFLUENCES OF PROCESSINGS BY GIBBERELLIN ON PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF SWEET CHERRIES FRUITS [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2014. № 28(4). pp. 93–102. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/14/04/11.pdf. (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
536 Кб
8 с.
Mineral nutrition of plants
Date posted: 15.07.2016
UDC: 664.8: 634. 1
Keywords: STRAWBERRY, NOT ROOT TOP DRESSING, PRODUCTIVITY, CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, QUALITY OF BERRIES

Annotation

When forming the quality of strawberry berries one of important elements is the use of the fertilizers capable to protect the plants from external influences and to purposefully regulate their growth and development. In this work it is presented the results of use not root feeding by liquid complex fertilizer with micro elements of "Alga Mix B Mg" for different phases of development of strawberry plants of Onda for control of harvest formation and a chemical composition of berries. As a result of the carried out research the positive influence of the complex fertilizer on strawberry productivity is established: the number of flowers exceeded control for 2,3%, the number of developed berries - for 23% with increase in average mass of berries by 15%. It allow you to receive a harvest on 5,8 t/hectare higher. The use of not root feeding of strawberry by complex fertilizer of "Alga Mix B Mg" has allowed to improve the quality of berries: the content of soluble solids and sugars increased on 2,3%, vitamin C - on 41,1%. It is shown the improvement of tastes of strawberry berries under the influence of non root feeding due increasing in content of sugars and decrease in acidity. The strengthening of intensity of berries color connected with increase in quantity of anthocyan pigments for 13,8% favorably affects the commodity and consumer qualities of strawberry, and also the acceleration of berries maturing (for 3-4 days) demonstrates. The results of the carried out research show that by means of not root top dressing by complex fertilizer of "Alga Mix B Mg" possibly to increase in productivity, commodity qualities, nutrition and biological value of strawberry berries.

How to cite
Prichko T., Hilko L., Germanova M. INFLUENCE OF FOLIAR FERTILIZATION ON QUALITY OF STRAWBERRY BERRIES [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2016. № 40(4). pp. 130–137. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/16/04/13.pdf. (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
1160 Кб
14 с.
Quality Management
Date posted: 15.09.2015
UDC: 664.83/85.30
Keywords: APPLE-TREE, PROMISING VARIETIES, CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF FRUITS

Annotation

The purpose of research was studying of the commodity qualities and chemical composition of apple-tree fruits of late maturing introduced varieties and varieties of Institute breeding which are grown up under the conditions of the South of Russia. It is noted that the special importance have the questions of improvement of vitamin provision of the population due to consumption of the fruits with the high content of ascorbic acid. In research there were 10 apples varieties, among which 4 varieties of NRRIH&V (Kubanskoe Bagryanoe, Prikubanskoye, Margo, Orphey). The research of indicators of fruit's chemical composition were carrying out using the standard techniques. Data on the content of soluble solids, sugars, acids and vitamins in the fruits of studied apple-tree's varieties are presented in this article. It is established that Granny Smit (220 g) and Prikubanskoye (205 g) apple varieties have the maximum mass of a fruit. The high content of soluble solids is typical for varieties of Institute breeding of Margo (14,0%), Orphey (15,5%), and also for the introduced Champion's variety (14,0%). The fruits of these varieties have also the high accumulation of sugars: the general content of sugars in 1,3 times higher than at the zoned Idared's variety. The highest amount of fructose (5,4%) and the minimum quantity of sucrose are noted in the apples of Margo of Institute breeding, that allow you to allocate Margo apple-tree in a group of the varieties possessing the valuable treatment-and-prophylactic qualities. The total content of pectin in the apples of the studied apple varieties was above a control sample. On the sum of pectin substances an apple-tree of Prikubanskoye with content of 0,5% of soluble pectin and 0,55% of protopectin was picked out.

How to cite
Prichko T., Chalaya L., Smelik T. TECHNICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL TRAITS OF APPLE FRUITS OF PROMISING VARIETIES GROWN UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF SOUTHERN RUSSIA [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2015. № 35(5). pp. 109–122. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/15/05/09.pdf. (request date: 04.10.2022).
pdf
127 Кб
12 с.
General agrotechnics (systems, technology)
Date posted: 15.11.2011   Informregistr code: 0421100126/0082
UDC: 664.8: 634. 1
Keywords: STRESS FACTORS OF ENVIRONMENT, ADAPTIVE VARIETIES, ROOTSTOCKS, PLANTING STOCK, METHODS OF CULTIVATION, QUALITY OF FRUITS

Annotation

The recent years nalysis of intensive horticulture development of the south of Russia is given in the article. The influence of stressful weather factors on yield and commodity quality of fruits is studied. Basic agrotechnological methods that have influence on formation of productivity of fruit plants are analyzed.

How to cite
Prichko T. CHARACTERISTIC OF STRESS FACTORS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON COMMODITY QUALITY OF FRUITS [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2011. № 12(6). pp. 49–60. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/11/06/06.pdf. (request date: 04.10.2022).