Thematic electronic scientific online journal NCFSCHVW

Fruit growing
and viticulture of South Russia



Gorbunov Ivan Victorovich

Anapa Zonal Experimental Station of Viticulture and Winemaking branch of the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution North Caucasian Federal Scientific Center of Horticulture, Viticulture, Winemaking

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Articles in journal: (total 20)

pdf
569 Кб
11 с.
Genetic Resources, Cultivar, selection
Date posted: 15.07.2020
UDC: 634.8.06
DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2020-4-64-229-239
Keywords: GRAPES, ELITE, HYBRID, SUGAR ACCUMULATION, BREEDING, TECHNICAL VARIETY

Annotation

As a result of many years study of grape technical hybrid forms the several hybrids were selected in elite. On the basis of phenological observations and agrobiological, morphological and chemical analyses, , it is concluded that these forms are recommended for the preparation of in dry and dessert wine. It was found that the content of phenolic substances in the berries is much higher in the studied elite hybrid forms than that in the control varieties. There is the lowest content of nitrogenous substances, which indicates a low probability of the so-called strangulation of future wines in these forms. The studied elite wine hybrids have high productivity indicators: the fruiting coefficient was 1.0-1.2, the fertility coefficient 1.3-1.4, the yield per bush 6.0 kg. The elite hybrid forms studied in 2019 had good aging growth rates (of up to 69 %). They are much superior t o the mechanical composition of the bunches of control varieties: of the ratio of ridges and berries, juice and pulp with skin with seeds. This suggests that these elite hybrid forms can be the title of varieties, that is, they can be submitted to the State variety testing. The breeders of the Anapa Zonal Experimental Station of viticulture and winemaking are doing a lot of work aimed at breeding new high-quality and productive technical varieties adapted to local conditions, with high productivity and quality, tolerant to phylloxera, noted that the requirements for wine grape varieties are based on the characteristics of the types and brands of wines for which they can be used.

How to cite
Gorbunov I., Kurdenkova E., Yakuba Y. NEW TECHNICAL ELITE GRAPE HYBRIDS OF THE ANAPA EXPERIMENTAL STATION`S BREEDING [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2020. № 64(4). pp. 229–239. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/20/04/19.pdf. DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2020-4-64-229-239 (request date: 14.08.2022).
pdf
566 Кб
11 с.
Genetic Resources, Cultivar, selection
Date posted: 16.03.2021
UDC: 634.8.06
DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2021-2-68-94-104
Keywords: GRAPES, ELITE HYBRIDS, BREEDING, TECHNICAL DIRECTION, UVOLOGIA, BIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS

Annotation

The results are shown of the study of hybrid forms of technical direction grapes in order to distinguish some of them into the elite. Phenological, agrobiological, uvological and biochemical indexes were studied of these hybrids, the recommendations were given for their use in the wine-making process. It was found that the amount of phenolic substances in the wort from grape hybrid forms significantly exceeds than that in the control variety. The low content of nitrogenous substances in the berry juice of these hybrids was also determined, which indicates a low probability of the so-called "suffocation" of the future wine. The studied technical hybrid forms have high productivity indicators: the fruiting coefficient was 1.1-1.4, the fruitfulness coefficient was 1.5-1.6, and the yield per bush was 7.5 kg on average. In the studied technical hybrid forms in 2020, a good growth rate of up to 75 % was observed, they are much superior in the mechanical composition of the bunches of the control variety. This is especially true for the ratio of ridges and berries, juice and pulp with skin and seeds. The results studied allow to suggest that these elite hybrid forms in the near future can be transferred to the State variety testing. Since the requirements for technical grape varieties are based on the characteristics of the types and brands of wines in the manufacture of which they can be used, the breeders of the Anapa Zonal Experimental Station of Viticulture and Winemaking carry out long-term work. It is aimed at breeding new high-quality adapted to local climatic conditions, with high productivity and quality, tolerant to phylloxera.

How to cite
Gorbunov I. STUDY OF NEW ELITE GRAPE HYBRIDS OF TECHNICAL DIRECTION OF THE ANAPA EXPERIMENTAL STATION [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2021. № 68(2). pp. 94–104. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/21/02/08.pdf. DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2021-2-68-94-104 (request date: 14.08.2022).
pdf
696 Кб
12 с.
Genetic Resources, Cultivar, selection
Date posted: 16.05.2022
UDC: 634.84: 575.113.2
DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2022-3-75-85-96
Keywords: WILD-GROWING VINES, DNA MARKERS, POLYMORPHISM

Annotation

On the territory of Krasnodar region, grapevines have been cultivated since ancient times. However, the study of the gene pool of local wild grapes remains an open question. This study is devoted to the research of wild growing grapevines found in the area of Tonkiy cape of Gelendzhik city. The ecological-geographical and climatic conditions of this territory can be considered as a favorable place for the growth of wild grapevines. Seven samples of vines were found, having some similarities and differences in ecological, biological and morphological indicators. Most of the studied samples are dioecious plants there are samples with male and female flower types. No inflorescences were found on the one specimen. The material for DNA analysis was selected from the found grape samples. DNA was isolated by CTAB method from herbarized apical leaves. Genotyping of wild-growing forms was performed by microsatellite loci: VVS2, VVMD5, VVMD7, VVMD27, VrZag62, VrZag79 which are used as a standard set for grape varieties DNA fingerprinting, as well as by loci UDV737 and CenGen6, which are linked to locus of resistance to downy mildew Rpv3 and powdery mildew Ren9, respectively. Target fragments, the size of which indicates the presence of resistance genes, were not detected by DNA markers UDV737 and CenGen6. The obtained DNA profiles on microsatellite loci showed genetic differences of the vines in the analyzed sample. On average, 5 types of alleles per locus were identified. Cluster analysis of DNA profiling data showed that one of the found vines differs from the rest most significantly, the remaining samples were distributed into two subclusters of two and four genotypes according to the results of the analysis.

How to cite
Ilnitskaya E., Makarkina M., Gorbunov I., Kotlyar V., Kozhevnikov E. MORPHOLOGICAL AND GENETIC CHARACTERISTICS OF WILD-GROWING VINES ON TONKIY CAPE TERRITORY OF GELENDZHIK CITY [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2022. № 75(3). pp. 85–96. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/22/03/07.pdf. DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2022-3-75-85-96 (request date: 14.08.2022).
pdf
570 Кб
12 с.
Genetic Resources, Cultivar, selection
Date posted: 16.11.2020
UDC: 634.8.06
DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2020-6-66-71-82
Keywords: GRAPES, VARIETY, PHENOLOGY, AGRO-BIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT, SUGAR ACCUMULATION, YIELD CAPACITY

Annotation

The purpose of this research is to identify the dynamics of yield capacity and sugar accumulation of technical red grape varieties of AZES breeding. This article reflects some results of long-term research work. Due to the existing lack of technical varieties in the modern grape assortment, it is very important to pay attention to the creation, cultivation and study of new technical grape varieties. These varieties should be distinguished by high product quality and sugar accumulation level, along with adaptability to biotic and abiotic stressors of the environment. These varieties are necessary for obtaining an original wine products. The study of the dynamics of yield and sugar accumulation among the zoned new technical red grape varieties allows us to identify the promising varieties for the production orchards of the Anapa-Taman zone. Phenological and agrobiological accounting was carried out by us according to traditional generally accepted methods. When harvesting, the bunches were weighed on the bushes of all studied varieties. The harvest period was determined using the organoleptic method and trial analyses. The mass concentration of sugars in berry juice was determined by a field refractometer, and the acidity in laboratory conditions by titration. As a result of the study of agrobiological and biochemical characteristics of red technical grape varieties with a medium-late maturation period, a number of features were revealed. The grape varieties of Dionysus and Pamyaty Zotkinoi are distinguished from the other studied varieties by high fruiting coefficients (1.3 for both) and fruitfulness (1.5 and 1.4 respectively). According to the average yield of berries from the bush the varieties of Pamyaty Zotkinoi (11 kg from the bush) and Gordy (K-II-17-1) (12 kg). The varieties of Dionysus, Mercuriy and Gordy (K-II-17-1) have the largest bunches. These varieties will be studied in the future on their economically valuable, breeding, agrobiological, phonological and technological characteristics in order to identify the dynamics of yield and sugar accumulation, as they are promising for the production viticulture.

How to cite
Gorbunov I. DYNAMICS OF YIELD CAPACITY AND SUGAR ACCUMULATION OF TECHNICAL GRAPE VARIETIES OF ANAPA ZONAL EXPERIMENTAL STATION OF VITICULTURE AND WINEMAKING BREEDING [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2020. № 66(6). pp. 71–82. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/20/06/07.pdf. DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2020-6-66-71-82 (request date: 14.08.2022).
pdf
713 Кб
11 с.

Genetic Resources, Cultivar, selection
Date posted: 17.03.2020
UDC: 634.8:581.41:575.22
DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2020-2-62-14-24
Keywords: GRAPEVINE, WILD FORMS, PCR-ANALYSIS, DNA-MARKERS

Annotation

The data of study of Kuban grapevines wild forms are presented to select the sources with resistance to various biotic and abiotic stress-factors. Wild forms of grapes can be both theoretical and practical value for breeding. The aim of the present work was to study the morpho-biological and genetic diversity of grape plants of the genus Vitis L., growing on the territory of the Utrish state nature reserved area on the Black Sea coast of the Krasnodar Territory. The territory of the reserved area is interested for the study of wild forms of grapes as it was the place of ancient settlements. As a result of the expedition, wild grapes were found in the district Vodopadnaya shchel in the Utrish nature reserved area in the amount of 10 populations that are outwardly resistant to the effects of abiotic and biotic environmental stress-factors. A morphological and biological Study of grape plants was carried out and a characteristic of their ecological conditions was given. An ampelographic description of the forms by 10 characteristics is presented. In order to study the genetic diversity of the found forms, a DNA-marker analysis of wild grape plants was carried out. The study was performed using microsatellite markers linked to the Rpv3 and Rpv10 genes, which determine resistance to downy mildew. The presence of functional alleles of these genes in the analyzed samples helps to reveal the origin of genotypes, which is one of the objectives of the study. The indicated genes were not found in the found grape forms. In general, according to the results of microsatellite analysis, it can be noted, that some of the samples are polymorphic to each other, while others have a high degree of similarity. The work on the study of wild forms of grapes in this area is carried out for the first time

How to cite
Ilnitskaya E., Gorbunov I., Makarkina M., Tokmakov S., Michailovskiy S., Pankin M. [Electronic resource] // Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia. 2020. № 62(2). pp. 14–24. URL: http://journalkubansad.ru/pdf/20/02/02.pdf. DOI: 10.30679/2219-5335-2020-2-62-14-24 (request date: 14.08.2022).